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Original scientific article

TAXONOMY AND ECOLOGY OF PHYTOCOENOTIC DIVERSITY OF THE GROMIŽELJ WETLAND AS A SPECIAL NATURE RESERVE

By
Milenko Ćurčić ,
Milenko Ćurčić

Faculty of Education, University of East Sarajevo, East Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Mihajlo Stanković ,
Mihajlo Stanković

The Special Nature Reserve of Zasavica, Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia

Dragica Milinković ,
Dragica Milinković

Faculty of Education, University of East Sarajevo, East Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Olivera Petrović-Tomanić
Olivera Petrović-Tomanić

Faculty of Education, University of East Sarajevo, East Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Abstract

The research of the Gromiželj wetland flora as a special nature reserve includes the diversities of algae, lichens, mosses, ferns and seedlings. The Gromiželj wetland represents a lowland peat with the total area of 831 ha where 67.39 ha have the first degree protection and 763.61 ha the second degree protection. A special geomorphological structure of this lowland peat causes the diversity of a large number of plant species, particularly species that are the Balkan endemics and glacial relicts. 36 species of algae, 3 types of lichen, 8 species of mosses, 6 species of ferns and 240 species of seedlings have been identified in the wetland.

References

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