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Original scientific article

FLORISTIČKI DIVERZITET POSEBNOG PODRUČJA PRIRODE GROMIŽELJ

By
Slađana Petronić ,
Slađana Petronić

Republički zavod za zaštitu kulturno-istorijskog i prirodnog nasljeđa Republike Srpske, Banja Luka, Bosnia Herzegovina

Jelena Kadić ,
Jelena Kadić

Republički zavod za zaštitu kulturno-istorijskog i prirodnog nasljeđa Republike Srpske, Banja Luka, Bosnia Herzegovina

Dejan Radošević ,
Dejan Radošević

Republički zavod za zaštitu kulturno-istorijskog i prirodnog nasljeđa Republike Srpske, Banja Luka, Bosnia Herzegovina

Goran Panić
Goran Panić

Republički zavod za zaštitu kulturno-istorijskog i prirodnog nasljeđa Republike Srpske, Banja Luka, Bosnia Herzegovina

Abstract

Floristička istraživanja ovoga područja su pokazala izuzetan diverzitet vaskularne flore koji se ogleda u prisustvu oko 400 biljnih vrsta svrstanih u 280 rodova i 85 porodica. Taksonomskom analizom utvrđeno je da najveći broj taksona vaskularnih biljaka područja Gromiželja pripada klasi Dicotyledones i to: 335 vrsta, 231 rod i 67 porodica. Analiziranjem areal spektra utvrđena je dominacija vrsta širokih areala iz evroazijske grupe flornih elemenata, a od životnih formi hemikriptofita. Od rijetkih i ugroženih vrsta na ovom području zabilježene su: Thelypteris palustris, Nuphar luteum, Ranunculus auricomus, Hottonia palustris, Zanichellia palustris, Convalaria majalis, Galanthus nivalis, Platanthera bifolia, Hydrocharis morsus-ranae, Maianthemum bifolium i Utricularia vulgaris. Treba istaći da je ovim istraživanjem prvi put evidentirana močvarna žara (Urtca kioviensis) u Bosni i Hercegovini koja se nalazi na Crvenoj listi Evrope u kategoriji ranjive vrste (VU).

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